Law

   Civil law was founded on the Corpus Juris Civilis of Justinian I (qq.v.), a work whose significance for western civilization is exceeded only by that of the Bible. The Corpus incorporated and superseded previous Roman laws, including those in the law code of Theodosios II (q.v.). The process of supplementing the Corpus began almost immediately with the Novels (q.v.) of Justinian I, issued in Greek, not Latin. The Ecloga, Nomos stratiotikos, Farmers's Law, and Rhodian Sea Law (qq.v.) continued this process. In the ninth and 10th centuries interest in the Corpus itself revived, as illustrated by the Epanagogue, Prochiron, and Basilika (q.v.). There were law schools at Berytus and Constantinople (qq.v.), though both had fallen into decline by the seventh century. In the 11th century a new law school was organized by Constantine IX (q.v.), presided over by John (VIII) Xiphilinos (q.v.). Canon law (q.v.), which governed the church, overlapped with civil law.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • law — / lȯ/ n [Old English lagu, of Scandinavian origin] 1: a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforced by a controlling authority: as a: a command or provision enacted by a legislature see also statute 1 b:… …   Law dictionary

  • law, at — adj. Pertaining to law; related to the law or the legal profession. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008 …   Law dictionary

  • Law Ct. — Law Court …   Black's law dictionary

  • law — That which is laid down, ordained, or established. A rule or method according to which phenomena or actions co exist or follow each other. Law, in its generic sense, is a body of rules of action or conduct prescribed by controlling authority, and …   Black's law dictionary

  • Law — (l[add]), n. [OE. lawe, laghe, AS. lagu, from the root of E. lie: akin to OS. lag, Icel. l[ o]g, Sw. lag, Dan. lov; cf. L. lex, E. legal. A law is that which is laid, set, or fixed; like statute, fr. L. statuere to make to stand. See {Lie} to be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Law — [From Old English lagu something laid down or fixed ; legal comes from Latin legalis , from lex law , statute ( [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=law searchmode=none Law] , Online Etymology Dictionary; [http://www.merriam… …   Wikipedia

  • Law — /law/, n. 1. Andrew Bonar /bon euhr/, 1858 1923, English statesman, born in Canada: prime minister 1922 23. 2. John, 1671 1729, Scottish financier. 3. William, 1686 1761, English clergyman and devotional writer. * * * I Discipline and profession… …   Universalium

  • Law — • By law in the widest sense is understood that exact guide, rule, or authoritative standard by which a being is moved to action or held back from it Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Law     Law …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • law — [lɔː ǁ lɒː] noun 1. [singular, uncountable] LAW the whole system of rules that citizens of a country must obey: • It is against the law (= illegal ) for children to work before they are fifteen. • There were easy profits for businessmen who were… …   Financial and business terms

  • law — W1S1 [lo: US lo:] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(system of rules)¦ 2¦(a rule)¦ 3 law and order 4¦(police)¦ 5¦(what always happens)¦ 6¦(study/profession)¦ 7¦(sport/activity)¦ 8 the law of the jungle 9 the law of averages 10 be a …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • law — [ lɔ ] noun *** ▸ 1 rule or set of rules ▸ 2 profession of lawyers ▸ 3 study of rules ▸ 4 explanation of process ▸ 5 the police ▸ + PHRASES 1. ) count an official rule that people must obey: The new law will be passed by the Senate in the spring …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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